HSK 1–2 Grammar Cheatsheet

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Here are the Grammar Charts covering HSK 1 and HSK 2 grammar points

As downloadable PDF


As Web page

▶️ Code Structure Example Example (Translated)
▶️ 1.03.1 什么 这是什么? What is this?
▶️ 1.03.1 什么 + N 那是什么书? What book is that?
▶️ 1.03.2 不是 不是美国人 I am not an American.
▶️ 1.03.2 老师。 She is a teacher.
▶️ 1.03.3 吗? 你是老师吗? You’re a teacher, right?
▶️ 1.04.1 她是? Who is she?
▶️ 1.04.1 + M + N 个人? Which person?
▶️ 1.04.2 (的), A (的) N (的) 老师是好 (的) 老师。 My teacher is a good teacher.
▶️ 1.04.3 N ? 我是中国人,你? I am Chinese, what about you?
▶️ 1.05.1 + M + N 你有个汉语老师? How many teachers do you have?
▶️ 1.05.2 九十九 九十一 91
▶️ 1.05.3 age 我40岁 I’m 40 years old.
▶️ 1.05.4 多大 你女儿多大了? How old is your daughter?
▶️ 1.06.1 V 写。 I know how to write.
▶️ 1.06.2 A I am good.
▶️ 1.06.3 怎么 + V 这个怎么读? Howdo you read this?
▶️ 1.07.1 /星期 号/日星期 Thursday September 2
▶️ 1.07.2 我汉语老师33岁。 My Chinese teacher is 33.
▶️ 1.07.3 + place + V 学校学习。 I go to school to study.
▶️ 1.08.1 看书 I wantto read books.
▶️ 1.08.2 多少 N 你有多少汉语老师? How many Chinese teachers do you have?
▶️ 1.08.3 学生 5 students
▶️ 1.08.3 我家有五人。 There are 5 people in our family.
▶️ 1.08.4 one yuan
▶️ 1.09.1 椅子下面 He’s under the chair.
▶️ 1.09.2 哪儿? 我的杯子在哪儿? Where is my cup?
▶️ 1.09.3 + place + V 朋友家喝茶。 I am having tea at my friend’s home.
▶️ 1.09.4 question + 他在哪儿呢? Where is he, I wonder?
▶️ 1.09.4 N 我的杯子呢? Where is my cup?
▶️ 1.10.1 place + + N 椅子下面一只小狗 There is a dog under the chair.
▶️ 1.10.1 place + 没有 + N 这儿没有人。 There isn’t anyone here.
▶️ 1.10.2 爸爸、妈妈 dad, mom and I
▶️ 1.10.3 坐这儿吗?。 Can I sit here?
▶️ 1.10.4 V 坐。 Please sit.
▶️ 1.11.1 # # 十一 11:10
▶️ 1.11.1 上午下午 下午三点十分 3:10 PM
▶️ 1.11.2 S + time + V 妈妈六点做饭。 Mom cooks at six.
▶️ 1.11.2 time + S + V 七点我吃饭。 I eat at seven.
▶️ 1.11.3 time + 星期五 before Friday
▶️ 1.11.3 duration + 一个星期 a week ago
▶️ 1.12.1 N + 怎么样? 你的汉语怎么样? How is your Chinese?
▶️ 1.12.2 我身体不太好。 My health isn’t very good.
▶️ 1.12.3 A (了) 天气(了) The weather’s too cold.
▶️ 1.12.3 (不)太 + A 我身体不太好。 My health is not too good.
▶️ 1.12.4 V 回家吗? Will you come home?
▶️ 1.13.1 ,李老师在家吗? Hello, is Teacher Li home?
▶️ 1.13.2 V (呢) 睡觉 (呢) I’m sleeping.
▶️ 1.13.2 在 V (呢) 他们在看电视 (呢) They’re not watching TV.
▶️ 1.13.3 1 138-0156-7749 1 reads yāo.
▶️ 1.13.4 V 这儿没有人,坐 Nobody’s here, (feel free to) sit.
▶️ 1.14.1 S V O 学开车 He went to learn how to drive.
▶️ 1.14.1 S V O 买了不少衣服。 I bought a lot of clothes.
▶️ 1.14.1 S V O 去商店。 She didn’t go to the store.
▶️ 1.14.2 time + 五点 after 5
▶️ 1.14.2 duration + 四十分钟 after 40 minutes
▶️ 1.14.3 …… 。是 Sure! Yeah!
▶️ 1.14.4 + N 我们是中国人。 We both are Chinese.
▶️ 1.15.1 …… 你们怎么来? How is it that you got here?
▶️ 1.15.2 二零一七 Year 2017
▶️ 2.1.1 王​芳​要​学​英​语。 Wang Fang wants to / will learn English.
▶️ 2.1.2 它​的​眼​睛​最​漂​亮。 Its eyes are the prettiest.
▶️ 2.1.3 几​本​书 several books
▶️ 2.1.3 十几 十几​本​书 a dozen or more books
▶️ 2.1.3 几十 几​十本​书 tens of people
▶️ 2.1.3 #几/多 二十​本​书/二十本书 twenty something books
▶️ 2.1.3 # M多月/星期 两个多月,三个多星期 over two months, over three weeks
▶️ 2.2.1 VV or AA 我​去​商​店,你​去​不​去? I’m going to the shop, are you going?
▶️ 2.2.1 是不是……? 你​是​不​是​喜​欢​运​动? Is it true that you like to exercise?
▶️ 2.2.2 M N () V 你​每​个​星​期​六​()​工​作​吗​? Do you work every Saturday (without exception)?
▶️ 2.2.3 A 他​多​高? How tall is he?
▶️ 2.3.1 (N) 这个杯子是昨天买(杯子)。 This cup is the one (cup) that was bought yesterday.
▶️ 2.3.2 一下 你​去​给​老​师​送​一​下​报​纸​。 Go and deliver the newspaper to your teacher.
▶️ 2.3.3 牛​奶​真​好​喝​啊!​ The milk is so tasty!
▶️ 2.4.1 N V 这​本​书​是​谁​买​的​我买 Who (was it who) bought this book? (It’s) I (who) bought it.
▶️ 2.4.2 ……的时候 我​18岁​的​时​候​来​过北​京。 I’ve come to Beijing when I was 18.
▶️ 2.4.3 已经V/A 我​已​经​工​作​两​年​多​了​ I already worked for over two years.
▶️ 2.5.1 1 ​你​不​想​去​,​就​在​家​休​息​吧​。 If you don't want to go, just rest at home then.
▶️ 2.5.2 A 昨天的考试还​好 Yesterday’s test was so-so.
▶️ 2.5.3 有点儿 今​天​天​气​有​点​儿​冷。 It's a bit cold today.
▶️ 2.6.1 怎么 你​怎​么​不​高​兴​? How come you’re unhappy?
▶️ 2.6.2 N MM 同学个个很高兴。 Every student is very happy.
▶️ 2.6.3 因为……所以 因​为​不​好​吃​,​所​以​我不​吃。 Because it’s not tasty, so I won’t eat it.
▶️ 2.7.1 V 八点了,他在睡觉。 It’s 8, he’s still sleeping.
▶️ 2.7.1 还没 V 你怎么还没吃饭? How come you still haven’t eaten?
▶️ 2.7.2 time2 V 同学们七点半来教室了。 The students got to the classroom as early as 7:30.
▶️ 2.7.3 N1 N2 distance 学校机场20多公里。 The school is over 20 km awayfrom the airport.
▶️ 2.7.4 呢! 他还在学习呢! He is still studying (unlike what you thought)!
▶️ 2.8.1 好吗? 你明天下午给我打电话好吗? Call me tomorrow afternoon, okay?
▶️ 2.8.2 V 看一下这本书吧。 Take another look at this book.
▶️ 2.8.2 V 让我想想告诉你。 Let me think about it, then I’ll let you know.
▶️ 2.8.2 timeV 我明天去。 I’ll (wait until) tomorrow then I’ll go.
▶️ 2.8.3 // sb. V 你吃饭。 I’m inviting you to have a meal.
▶️ 2.8.4 VV 看看这几件衣服。 Take a look at these clothes.
▶️ 2.8.4 V一V 看一看这几件衣服。 Take a look at these clothes.
▶️ 2.9.1 V + result 我​看​到你​的​女​朋​友​了。 I saw your girlfriend.
▶️ 2.9.1 没V + result 我​没看​到你​的​女​朋​友​。 I didn’t see your girlfriend.
▶️ 2.9.2 N1N2 从​老​人​到​孩​子​都​喜​欢​吃​苹​果​。 From old to young, all like to eat apples.
▶️ 2.9.3 # M N 第​四​件​事​情​还​没​做。 We haven't done the fourth thing yet.
▶️ 2.10.1 不要/V 不​要​/别玩​儿​手​机​! Don’t play with your phone!
▶️ 2.10.1 不要/V 不​要​/别玩​儿​手​机​ Stop playing with your phone!
▶️ 2.10.2 N A 学​汉​语​对​在​中​国​工​作​有​帮​助​。 Learning Chinese is helpful for working in China.
▶️ 2.11.1 S VN 我​妈​妈​做​的​饭​非​常​好​吃。​ The food that mom makes is very delicious.
▶️ 2.11.2 N1N2A 哥​哥​比​姐​姐​高。 My (older) brother is taller than my (older) sister.
▶️ 2.11.2 N1没有N2A 哥​哥​没有姐​姐​高。 My (older) brother is not as tall as my (older) sister.
▶️ 2.11.3 可能 她​可​能​不​会​唱​歌​。 Maybe she cannot sing.
▶️ 2.12.1 VA 我​跑得​很​快。 I run very quickly.
▶️ 2.12.1 V O VA 姐​姐​唱​歌​唱​得​很好。 My (older) sister sings brilliantly.
▶️ 2.12.2 V (O V)得比N A 他​学​(汉语学)得​比​我​快。​ He learns (Chinese) more quickly than I do.
▶️ 2.12.2 N V (O V) A 他​比​我​学​(汉语学)得​快。 He learns (Chinese) more quickly than I do.
▶️ 2.13.1 VO 他们​穿​​西服。 They are wearing suites.
▶️ 2.13.1 VO 拿​​铅笔。 He’s not holding a pencil.
▶️ 2.13.2 不是……吗? 你​不是​北京人​​? Aren’t you a Beijinger?
▶️ 2.13.3 + direction + V 从这儿一直东走。 Walk straight toward the east from here.
▶️ 2.14.1 V 我去​​中国。 I've been to China.
▶️ 2.14.1 没有 V 他们没​有​来我家。 They have never been to my place.
▶️ 2.14.2 虽然……但是 虽然是晴天,但是还是很冷。 Even though it's sunny, it's still cold.
▶️ 2.14.3 V#O 他​们​坐​过​次​飞​机。 They have taken a plane three times.
▶️ 2.14.3 VL# 我​们​​​来​过​次​中​国​。 We have been to China three times.
▶️ 2.15.1 time (​) V 下​个​星​期​我​们​(​)要​考​试​了。 We are about to have an exam in just a week.
▶️ 2.15.2 time/A/V ​8​点​了​,​快​点​儿​起​床​吧​。 It’s already 8, get up quick!