HSK 1 Grammar Cheatsheet

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▶️ Code Structure Example Example (Translated)
▶️ 1.03.1 什么 这是什么? What is this?
▶️ 1.03.1 什么 + N 那是什么书? What book is that?
▶️ 1.03.2 不是 不是美国人 I am not an American.
▶️ 1.03.2 老师。 She is a teacher.
▶️ 1.03.3 吗? 你是老师吗? You’re a teacher, right?
▶️ 1.04.1 她是? Who is she?
▶️ 1.04.1 + M + N 个人? Which person?
▶️ 1.04.2 (的), A (的) N (的) 老师是好 (的) 老师。 My teacher is a good teacher.
▶️ 1.04.3 N ? 我是中国人,你? I am Chinese, what about you?
▶️ 1.05.1 + M + N 你有个汉语老师? How many teachers do you have?
▶️ 1.05.2 九十九 九十一 91
▶️ 1.05.3 age 我40岁 I’m 40 years old.
▶️ 1.05.4 多大 你女儿多大了? How old is your daughter?
▶️ 1.06.1 V 写。 I know how to write.
▶️ 1.06.2 A I am good.
▶️ 1.06.3 怎么 + V 这个怎么读? Howdo you read this?
▶️ 1.07.1 /星期 号/日星期 Thursday September 2
▶️ 1.07.2 我汉语老师33岁。 My Chinese teacher is 33.
▶️ 1.07.3 + place + V 学校学习。 I go to school to study.
▶️ 1.08.1 看书 I wantto read books.
▶️ 1.08.2 多少 N 你有多少汉语老师? How many Chinese teachers do you have?
▶️ 1.08.3 学生 5 students
▶️ 1.08.3 我家有五人。 There are 5 people in our family.
▶️ 1.08.4 one yuan
▶️ 1.09.1 椅子下面 He’s under the chair.
▶️ 1.09.2 哪儿? 我的杯子在哪儿? Where is my cup?
▶️ 1.09.3 + place + V 朋友家喝茶。 I am having tea at my friend’s home.
▶️ 1.09.4 question + 他在哪儿呢? Where is he, I wonder?
▶️ 1.09.4 N 我的杯子呢? Where is my cup?
▶️ 1.10.1 place + + N 椅子下面一只小狗 There is a dog under the chair.
▶️ 1.10.1 place + 没有 + N 这儿没有人。 There isn’t anyone here.
▶️ 1.10.2 爸爸、妈妈 dad, mom and I
▶️ 1.10.3 坐这儿吗?。 Can I sit here?
▶️ 1.10.4 V 坐。 Please sit.
▶️ 1.11.1 # # 十一 11:10
▶️ 1.11.1 上午下午 下午三点十分 3:10 PM
▶️ 1.11.2 S + time + V 妈妈六点做饭。 Mom cooks at six.
▶️ 1.11.2 time + S + V 七点我吃饭。 I eat at seven.
▶️ 1.11.3 time + 星期五 before Friday
▶️ 1.11.3 duration + 一个星期 a week ago
▶️ 1.12.1 N + 怎么样? 你的汉语怎么样? How is your Chinese?
▶️ 1.12.2 我身体不太好。 My health isn’t very good.
▶️ 1.12.3 A (了) 天气(了) The weather’s too cold.
▶️ 1.12.3 (不)太 + A 我身体不太好。 My health is not too good.
▶️ 1.12.4 V 回家吗? Will you come home?
▶️ 1.13.1 ,李老师在家吗? Hello, is Teacher Li home?
▶️ 1.13.2 V (呢) 睡觉 (呢) I’m sleeping.
▶️ 1.13.2 在 V (呢) 他们在看电视 (呢) They’re not watching TV.
▶️ 1.13.3 1 138-0156-7749 1 reads yāo.
▶️ 1.13.4 V 这儿没有人,坐 Nobody’s here, (feel free to) sit.
▶️ 1.14.1 S V O 学开车 He went to learn how to drive.
▶️ 1.14.1 S V O 买了不少衣服。 I bought a lot of clothes.
▶️ 1.14.1 S V O 去商店。 She didn’t go to the store.
▶️ 1.14.1 我往窗外看時,看见了她。 As I was looking outside the window, I saw her.
▶️ 1.14.1 看见 我往窗外看,但是没看见什么东西。 I look outside the window, but didn't see anything.
▶️ 1.14.2 time + 五点 after 5
▶️ 1.14.2 duration + 四十分钟 after 40 minutes
▶️ 1.14.3 …… 。是 Sure! Yeah!
▶️ 1.14.4 + N 我们是中国人。 We both are Chinese.
▶️ 1.15.1 …… 你们怎么来? How is it that you got here?
▶️ 1.15.2 二零一七 Year 2017